Contrast-enhanced ultrasound for screening hepatocellular carcinoma: an implemented program at a semi-rural academic center

Victoria L. Motz, Rachel White, Roland Lee, Tuan Vu, Benjamin Shin, Kathryn L. McGillen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Purpose: To describe our early experience using a contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) protocol for surveillance of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) at a semi-rural academic medical center. Methods: Retrospective, longitudinal study of the first 100 patients who underwent CEUS liver screening imaging over 2 years. Each patient underwent a standard of care abdominal ultrasound, which was checked with the radiologist, who searched for a focal lesion on the cine clips to target specifically with contrast. If none was present, the HCC contrast-enhanced screening protocol consisting of individual sweeps of the right and left lobes was performed from 0 to 60 s and 3–4 min post contrast—Lumason was utilized. Images, report details, and patient demographics were analyzed. Results: 66 men and 34 women (average age, 59 ± 13 years) were included. On average, the distance from patient’s home to our institution was 39 miles (range 2–179 miles). The majority of our patients were covered under Private insurance (46%) with 43% covered by Medicare. CEUS exams on average took 35 min to complete. Lumason was administered in split doses for an average total of 5 mL per exam. Of the 10 lesions identified, there were five LI-RADS 3, two LI-RADS 4, one LI-RADS 5, two LI-RADS M, and one bland portal vein thrombus. There were no complications reported. Conclusion: This semi-rural single-center study demonstrates the feasibility of starting a HCC CEUS screening program. CEUS can be performed in conjunction with routine ultrasound imaging with added benefit of identifying and characterizing lesions in one setting.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4170-4177
Number of pages8
JournalAbdominal Radiology
Issue number9
StatePublished - Sep 2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Radiological and Ultrasound Technology
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Gastroenterology
  • Urology


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