Controlled gradient colloidal photonic crystals and their optical properties

He Huang, Junbo Chen, Ye Yu, Zengmin Shi, Helmuth Möhwald, Gang Zhang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations


Gradient colloidal photonic crystals (GCPCs) with gradients over sub-micrometer dimensions were fabricated by a plasma etching method. The gradient (along the surface normal) could be controlled by plasma treatment, leading to a wider tuning range of the stop band compared with colloidal photonic crystals (CPCs) without gradient. Spheres were non-close-packed (ncp) after plasma treatment, which provided larger voids for filling with materials to further tune the stop band of the GCPCs. Furthermore, GCPCs were used as templates to fabricate the corresponding inverse opals. The stop band of the inverse opal could also be modified through changing the filling materials and the templates of GCPCs. The GCPCs exhibited an 8.6-fold enhancement of fluorescence emission of Rhodamine B. According to the tunable optical property of GCPCs, they could be used in fields such as photonics, catalysis and life science.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)9-17
Number of pages9
JournalColloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects
StatePublished - Jul 5 2013

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Surfaces and Interfaces
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Colloid and Surface Chemistry


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