Controlling nitrogen doping in graphene with atomic precision: Synthesis and characterization

Tomotaroh Granzier-Nakajima, Kazunori Fujisawa, Vivek Anil, Mauricio Terrones, Yin Ting Yeh

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

61 Scopus citations


Graphene provides a unique platform for the detailed study of its dopants at the atomic level. Previously, doped materials including Si, and 0D-1D carbon nanomaterials presented difficulties in the characterization of their dopants due to gradients in their dopant concentration and agglomeration of the material itself. Graphene’s two-dimensional nature allows for the detailed characterization of these dopants via spectroscopic and atomic resolution imaging techniques. Nitrogen doping of graphene has been well studied, providing insights into the dopant bonding structure, dopant-dopant interaction, and spatial segregation within a single crystal. Different configurations of nitrogen within the carbon lattice have different electronic and chemical properties, and by controlling these dopants it is possible to either n-or p-type dope graphene, grant half-metallicity, and alter nitrogen doped graphene’s (NG) catalytic and sensing properties. Thus, an understanding and the ability to control different types of nitrogen doping configurations allows for the fine tuning of NG’s properties. Here we review the synthesis, characterization, and properties of nitrogen dopants in NG beyond atomic dopant concentration.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number425
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 2019

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Chemical Engineering
  • General Materials Science


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