Crystalline organic molecules often exhibit the ability to assemble into multiple crystal structures depending on the processing conditions. Exploiting this polymorphism to optimize molecular orbital overlap between adjacent molecules in the unit lattice is an effective method for improving charge transport within the material. In this study, grazing incident X-ray diffraction was employed to demonstrate the formation of tighter π-π stacking poly(3-hexylthiophene-2,5-diyl) polymorphs in films spin coated from ferrocene-containing solutions. As a result, the addition of ferrocene to casting solutions yields thin-film transistors which exhibit approximately three times higher source-drain currents and charge mobilities than neat polymer devices. Nevertheless, XPS depth profiling and NMR analyses of the active layer reveal that all ferrocene is removed during the spin coating process, which may be an essential factor to achieve high mobilities. Such insights gleaned from ferrocene/poly(3-hexylthiophene-2,5-diyl) mixtures can serve as a template for selection and optimization of other small molecule/polymer systems with greater baseline charge mobilities.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Materials Science(all)