Coordinated X-ray and UV absorption within the accretion disk wind of the active galactic nucleus PG 1126-041

M. Giustini, P. Rodríguez Hidalgo, J. N. Reeves, G. Matzeu, V. Braito, M. Eracleous, G. Chartas, N. Schartel, C. Vignali, P. B. Hall, T. Waters, G. Ponti, D. Proga, M. Dadina, M. Cappi, G. Miniutti, L. De Vries

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Context. Accretion disk winds launched close to supermassive black holes (SMBHs) are a viable mechanism providing feedback between the SMBH and the host galaxy. Aims. We aim to characterize the X-ray properties of the inner accretion disk wind of the nearby active galactic nucleus PG 1126-041 and to study its connection with the UV-absorbing wind. Methods. We performed a spectroscopic analysis of eight XMM-Newton observations of PG 1126-041 taken between 2004 and 2015, using both phenomenological models and the most advanced accretion disk wind models available. For half of the data set, we were able to compare the X-ray analysis results with the results of quasi-simultaneous, high-resolution, spectroscopic UV observations taken with the Cosmic Origins Spectrograph on board the Hubble Space Telescope. Results. The X-ray spectra of PG 1126-041 are complex and absorbed by ionized material, which is highly variable on multiple timescales, sometimes as short as 11 days. Accretion disk wind models can account for most of the X-ray spectral complexity of PG 1126-041, with the addition of massive clumps, represented by a partially covering absorber. Variations in column density (NH ∼ 5-20 7times;1022 cm-2) of the partially covering absorber drive the observed X-ray spectral variability of PG 1126-041. The absorption from the X-ray partially covering gas and from the blueshifted CIV troughs appear to vary in a coordinated way. Conclusions. The line of sight toward PG 1126-041 offers a privileged view through a highly dynamic nuclear wind originating on inner accretion disk scales, making the source a very promising candidate for future detailed studies of the physics of accretion disk winds around SMBHs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numberA73
JournalAstronomy and Astrophysics
StatePublished - Nov 1 2023

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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