We introduce a statistical graphical model for multivariate functional data, which are common in medical applications such as EEG and fMRI. Recently published functional graphical models rely on the multivariate Gaussian process assumption, but we relax it by introducing the functional copula Gaussian graphical model (FCGGM). This model removes the marginal Gaussian assumption but retains the simplicity of the Gaussian dependence structure, which is particularly attractive for large data. We develop four estimators for the FCGGM and establish the consistency and the convergence rates of one of them. We compare our FCGGM with the existing functional Gaussian graphical model by simulations, and apply our method to an EEG dataset to construct brain networks. Supplementary materials for this article are available online.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Statistics and Probability
- Statistics, Probability and Uncertainty