Core-free rolled actuators for Braille displays using P(VDF-TrFE-CFE)

Thomas Levard, Paul J. Diglio, Sheng Guo Lu, Christopher D. Rahn, Q. M. Zhang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Scopus citations


Refreshable Braille displays require many small diameter actuators to move the pins. The electrostrictive P(VDFTrFECFE) terpolymer can provide the high strain and actuation force under modest electric fields that are required for this application. In this paper, we develop core-free tubular actuators and integrate them into a 3×2 Braille cell. The terpolymer films are solution cast, stretched to 6m thick, electroded, laminated into a bilayer, rolled into a 2mm diameter tube, bonded, and provided with top and bottom contacts. Experimental testing of 17 actuators demonstrates significant strains (up to 4%) and blocking forces (1N) at moderate electric fields (100MVm 1). A novel Braille cell is designed and fabricated using six of these actuators.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number012001
JournalSmart Materials and Structures
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2012

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Signal Processing
  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • General Materials Science
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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