Corrosion tests were performed in steam and supercritical water at 500 °C for two ferritic-martensitic alloys: HCM12A and NF616. The corrosion kinetics for the two alloys are similar in both environments showing near cubic behavior, but the corrosion rate was significantly higher in supercritical water than in steam. Examinations of the oxide layers using scanning electron microscopy and microbeam synchrotron diffraction and fluorescence show that both alloys form two-layer oxide structures in either environment. The outer layer contains only Fe3O4, while the inner layer contains a mixture of Fe3O4 and FeCr2O4. Additionally, marker experiments using a novel photolithographic deposition process show that the original water-metal interface corresponds with the outer-inner layer interface as expected. The results are discussed in light of known corrosion mechanisms.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Nuclear and High Energy Physics
- General Materials Science
- Nuclear Energy and Engineering