Cost-effectiveness of comprehensive, integrated care for first episode psychosis in the nimh raise early treatment program

Robert Rosenheck, Douglas Leslie, Kyaw Sint, Haiqun Lin, Delbert G. Robinson, Nina R. Schooler, Kim T. Mueser, David L. Penn, Jean Addington, Mary F. Brunette, Christoph U. Correll, Sue E. Estroff, Patricia Marcy, James Robinson, Joanne Severe, Agnes Rupp, Michael Schoenbaum, John M. Kane

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

104 Scopus citations


This study compares the cost-effectiveness of Navigate (NAV), a comprehensive, multidisciplinary, team-based treatment approach for first episode psychosis (FEP) and usual Community Care (CC) in a cluster randomization trial. Patients at 34 community treatment clinics were randomly assigned to either NAV (N = 223) or CC (N = 181) for 2 years. Effectiveness was measured as a one standard deviation change on the Quality of Life Scale (QLS-SD). Incremental cost effectiveness ratios were evaluated with bootstrap distributions. The Net Health Benefits Approach was used to evaluate the probability that the value of NAV benefits exceeded its costs relative to CC from the perspective of the health care system. The NAV group improved significantly more on the QLS and had higher outpatient mental health and antipsychotic medication costs. The incremental cost-effectiveness ratio was 12 081/QLS-SD, with a .94 probability that NAV was more cost-effective than CC at 40 000/QLS-SD. When converted to monetized Quality Adjusted Life Years, NAV benefits exceeded costs, especially at future generic drug prices.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)896-906
Number of pages11
JournalSchizophrenia Bulletin
Issue number4
StatePublished - Jul 2016

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Psychiatry and Mental health


Dive into the research topics of 'Cost-effectiveness of comprehensive, integrated care for first episode psychosis in the nimh raise early treatment program'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this