CO2 Hydrogenation to Olefin-Rich Hydrocarbons Over Fe-Cu Bimetallic Catalysts: An Investigation of Fe-Cu Interaction and Surface Species

Wenjia Wang, Xiaoxing Wang, Guanghui Zhang, Ke Wang, Fu Zhang, Tianyu Yan, Jeffrey T. Miller, Xinwen Guo, Chunshan Song

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Abstract

Previously, we reported a strong Fe-Cu synergy in CO2 hydrogenation to olefin-rich C2+ hydrocarbons over the γ-Al2O3 supported bimetallic Fe-Cu catalysts. In this work, we aimed to clarify such a synergy by investigating the catalyst structure, Fe-Cu interaction, and catalyst surface properties through a series of characterizations. H2-TPR results showed that the addition of Cu made both Fe and Cu easier to reduce via the strong interaction between Fe and Cu. It was further confirmed by X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS) and TEM, which showed the presence of metallic Fe and Fe-Cu alloy phases in the reduced Fe-Cu(0.17) catalyst induced by Cu addition. By correlating TPD results with the reaction performance, we found that the addition of Cu enhanced both the moderately and strongly adsorbed H2 and CO2 species, consequently enhanced CO2 conversion and C2+ selectivity. Adding K increased the adsorbed-CO2/adsorbed-H2 ratio by greatly enhancing the moderately and strongly adsorbed CO2 and slightly suppressing the moderately and strongly adsorbed H2, resulting in a significantly increased O/P ratio in the produced hydrocarbons. The product distribution analysis and in situ DRIFTS suggested that CO2 hydrogenation over the Fe-Cu catalyst involved both an indirect route with CO as the primary product and a direct route to higher hydrocarbons.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number708014
JournalFrontiers in Chemical Engineering
Volume3
DOIs
StatePublished - 2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Catalysis
  • Bioengineering
  • Chemical Engineering (miscellaneous)

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