Counseling Military Populations: A Content Analysis of Counseling Journals From 1998 to 2018

Elizabeth A. Prosek, Elizabeth E. Burgin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


Mental health scholarship of military populations is largely guided by researchers in psychiatry and psychology. Recent advocacy efforts have created increased opportunities for professional counselors to serve military clients, but the research within the profession has yet to be explored. A content analysis of 23 professional counseling journals from June 1998 to June 2018 was conducted to determine military population research trends. Findings indicated that counselors are researching topics similar to those of other mental health fields, such as posttraumatic stress, but are contributing to those topics conceptually rather than empirically. Topical areas in which counselors do produce more empirical studies include career counseling, and these studies relied on college student veteran populations. Suggestions for incorporating the philosophical principles of counseling into future research are provided to inform the trajectory of military scholarship in the profession.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)423-434
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Counseling and Development
Issue number4
StatePublished - Oct 1 2020

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Applied Psychology


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