Critical heat flux during reflood transients in small-hydraulic-diameter geometries

Mark J. Holowach, Lawrence E. Hochreiter, Fan-bill B. Cheung, David L. Aumiller

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


Critical heat flux (CHF) at a low-flow condition in a small-hydraulic-diameter duct is an important phenomenon for a Materials Test Reactor/Advanced Test Reactor (MTR/ATR) design under a number of accident conditions, including reflood transients. Current CHF models in the literature, such as the Mishima/Nishihara and Oh/Englert CHF models, are based on macroscopic system parameters and not local thermal-hydraulic conditions. These macroscopic parameter-based models cannot be readily used for analysis in transient best-estimate thermal-hydraulic codes. The present work focuses on developing a low-flow-rate CHF correlation, based on local conditions, that is amenable to implementation into a best-estimate transient thermal-hydraulic code for a small-hydraulic-diameter duct. The model development proceeds with a means of correlating CHF data to local conditions parameters and then applying a correction factor to the resulting correlation, subsequently permitting accurate predictions over a range of pressures. An evaluation of the proposed local conditions-based CHF model is conducted by predicting independent sets of CHF experimental results over a range of flow rate, pressure, and subcooling conditions. Conclusions on the viability of the proposed CHF model and suggestions for future efforts in improving the reflood heat transfer CHF models for small-hydraulic-diameter ducts are provided with an evaluation of the model results.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)18-27
Number of pages10
JournalNuclear Technology
Issue number1
StatePublished - Oct 2002

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics
  • Nuclear Energy and Engineering
  • Condensed Matter Physics


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