For processes involving particulate materials, mechanical properties of green compacts are of great interest when they are final or intermediate products. Optimal quality of green compacts is achieved usually with empirical approaches, i.e., unexpected issues in processes or products’ quality are usually mitigated by time and resource consuming trial-and-error methods. Issues of the powder compaction are commonly observed when there are problems in feed materials or operational conditions even without any substantial change in a formula. Such divergent behavior of particulate materials is especially problematic for product developments and reliable operations. It has been widely accepted hypothesis that properties of particles are determinants of mechanical behavior of powder during compaction and the quality of resulting compacts. With recent developments in nanotechnology, characterization and engineering of individual particles at a microscopic or sub-microscopic scale are now feasible. Leveraging recent technological advancements, there has been a good progress in regard to quantitative understanding of mechanical relationships between properties of particles, particle system and final product. This review highlights the recent developments and gaps in engineering mechanical quality of powder compacts in conjunction with the characterization of particle systems and compaction at multiple scales.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- General Chemistry
- General Chemical Engineering
- General Materials Science
- General Engineering