Crosslinkable fluorophenoxy-substituted poly[bis(octafluoropentoxy) phosphazene] biomaterials with improved antimicrobial effect and hemocompatibility

Shelby Alwine, Chen Chen, Lihui Shen, Harry R. Allcock, Christopher A. Siedlecki, Li Chong Xu

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Biomaterial-associated microbial infection is one of the most frequent and severe complications associated with the use of biomaterials in medical devices. In previous studies, we developed new fluorinated polyphosphazenes, poly[bis(octafluoropentoxy) phosphazene] (OFP) and crosslinkable OFP (X-OFP), and demonstrated the inhibition of bacterial adhesion and biofilm formation, thereby controlling microbial infection. In this study, two additional fluorinated polyphosphazenes (PPs, defined as LS02 and LS03) with fluorophenoxy-substituted side groups, 4-fluorophenoxy and 4-(trifluoromethyl)phenoxy, respectively, based on X-OFP general structure, were synthesized and applied as coatings on stainless steel. The linkage of fluorophenoxy groups to the P-N backbone of PPs was found to increase the surface stiffness and significantly reduced Staphylococcus bacterial adhesion and inhibited biofilm formation. It also significantly reduced microbial infection compared to OFP, our prior X-OFPs or poly[bis(trifluoroethoxy) phosphazene] (TFE). The biofilm experiments show that the newly synthesized PPs LS02 and LS03 are biofilm free up to 28 days. Plasma coagulation and platelet adhesion/activation experiments also demonstrated that new PPs containing fluorophenoxy side groups are hemocompatible. The development of new crosslinkable fluorinated PPs containing fluorophenoxy-substituted side groups provides a new generation of polyphosphazene materials for medical devices with improved resistance to microbial infections and thrombosis formation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1533-1545
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Biomedical Materials Research - Part B Applied Biomaterials
Issue number8
StatePublished - Aug 2023

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biomaterials
  • Biomedical Engineering

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