Spherulitic growth rates for poly(ethylene oxide) and four model, melt-miscible blends were measured over a range of crystallization temperatures. The miscible diluents fall into two classes: those exhibiting relatively weak intermolecular interactions with PEO and those exhibiting strong interactions. Generally, at a given crystallization temperature, growth rates for blends with the strongly interacting polymers are considerably lower than those with weakly interacting polymers with comparable T g s. To a first approximation, growth rates for PEO and the blends can be "superposed" when normalized by the degree of supercooling and T - T g . In addition, at higher T c and diluent concentrations, particularly for blends with strongly interacting diluents, the growth rate slows from G ∝ t 0 to G ∝ t -1/2 , consistent with a crossover to diffusion-controlled growth. Analysis of PEO growth rates using the LHM model yields σ e ∼ 40 ergs/cm 2 for crystallization in regime II. For the blends, the mobility as a function of T c and diluent content was estimated from experimental growth rates and the nucleation constant for neat PEO. These mobilities were found to correlate well with diluent (or blend) T g .
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Organic Chemistry
- Polymers and Plastics
- Inorganic Chemistry
- Materials Chemistry