Cultural identity, explanatory style, and depression in Havajo adolescents

Traci R. Rieckmann, Martha E. Wadsworth, Donna Deyhle

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

43 Scopus citations


This study investigated the interrelationships among cultural identity, explanatory style, and depression in Navajo adolescents. A total of 332 (197 female, 135 male) Navajo adolescents completed 7 self-report measures. These data were used to create, via structural equation modeling, a series of factor models and full structural models. Analyses indicated that current factor structures for explanatory style and depression are adequate for use with Navajo adolescents. Increased control and predictability and limited duration of stressful encounters were both predictive of decreased symptoms of depression. Higher levels of Navajo cultural identity had a modest effect in terms of reducing depression. Other factors, such as perceived discrimination and urban/reservation domicile, are important to study to provide an increased understanding of depression among Navajo adolescents.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)365-382
Number of pages18
JournalCultural Diversity and Ethnic Minority Psychology
Issue number4
StatePublished - Nov 2004

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Social Psychology
  • Sociology and Political Science


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