Cultural variations in the socialization of young children's anger and shame

Pamela M. Cole, Babu Lal Tamang, Srijana Shrestha

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

115 Scopus citations


Tamang and Brahman Nepali children have culturally specific emotion scripts that may reflect different emotion socialization experiences. To study emotion socialization, the child - adult interactions of 119 children (3-5 years old) were observed and 14 village elders were interviewed about child competence in Tamang and Brahman villages. Tamang rebuke the angry child but reason with and yield to the child who appears ashamed. Brahmans respond to child anger with reasoning and yielding but ignore shame. Tamang practices are consistent with their view that competent children are socially graceful and never angry. Brahman practices appear to be consistent with the privileges and duties of high caste status. The roles of cultural heritage, religious differences, and majority and minority status in emotion socialization are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1237-1251
Number of pages15
JournalChild development
Issue number5
StatePublished - Sep 2006

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Education
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology


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