Current Concepts in the Treatment of Common Compartment Syndromes in Athletes

Kevin P. Black, David E. Taylor

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

40 Scopus citations


Compartment syndromes of the leg, and to a lesser extent the forearm and other areas, occur in both acute and chronic exertional forms. Similar inciting events may precipitate either form, with different presentations, prognoses and implications for treatment. A complete knowledge of the anatomy and pathophysiology of these syndromes is essential for diagnosis. Measurement of compartment pressures is a valuable tool in the diagnosis of chronic exertional compartment syndrome. In our experience, athletes who desire to return to the same level of exercise will require fascial release, although symptoms may improve if the intensity or duration of the activity is decreased. Fascial release is the treatment of choice in acute compartment syndrome and in chronic exertional compartment syndrome unresponsive to nonoperative treatment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)408-418
Number of pages11
JournalSports Medicine: Evaluations of Research in Exercise Science and Sports Medicine
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 1993

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation


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