Cyberpandemics: History, inevitability, response

Phil Laplante, Bret Michael, Jeffrey Voas

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations


As cyberspace has evolved into a large, dynamic, and tangled web of computing devices, engineers often fail to design in dependability propertiessuch as stability, robustness, and securityat the system level. Consequently, unintentional and malevolent actions taken in cyberspace have affected critical infrastructures in the physical world. These disturbances and systems' resultant undependable behavior can progress and spread like infectious disease-like cyberpandemics.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number4768657
Pages (from-to)63-67
Number of pages5
JournalIEEE Security and Privacy
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2009

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Computer Networks and Communications
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Law


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