Data-driven deconvolution for large eddy simulations of Kraichnan turbulence

R. Maulik, O. San, A. Rasheed, P. Vedula

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

75 Scopus citations


In this article, we demonstrate the use of artificial neural networks as optimal maps which are utilized for convolution and deconvolution of coarse-grained fields to account for sub-grid scale turbulence effects. We demonstrate that an effective eddy-viscosity is predicted by our purely data-driven large eddy simulation framework without explicit utilization of phenomenological arguments. In addition, our data-driven framework precludes the knowledge of true sub-grid stress information during the training phase due to its focus on estimating an effective filter and its inverse so that grid-resolved variables may be related to direct numerical simulation data statistically. The proposed predictive framework is also combined with a statistical truncation mechanism for ensuring numerical realizability in an explicit formulation. Through this, we seek to unite structural and functional modeling strategies for modeling non-linear partial differential equations using reduced degrees of freedom. Both a priori and a posteriori results are shown for a two-dimensional decaying turbulence case in addition to a detailed description of validation and testing. A hyperparameter sensitivity study also shows that the proposed dual network framework simplifies learning complexity and is viable with exceedingly simple network architectures. Our findings indicate that the proposed framework approximates a robust and stable sub-grid closure which compares favorably to the Smagorinsky and Leith hypotheses for capturing the theoretical k-3 scaling in Kraichnan turbulence.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number125109
JournalPhysics of Fluids
Issue number12
StatePublished - Dec 1 2018

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Computational Mechanics
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes

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