The data in this report are associated with https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2020.137085  and include data on water volumes and water quality related to the major unconventional oil and gas plays in the U.S. The data include volumes of water co-produced with oil and gas production, county-level estimates of annual water use volumes by various sectors, including hydraulic fracturing water use, and the quality of produced water. The data on volumes of produced water and hydraulic fracturing water volumes were obtained from the IHS Enerdeq and FracFocus databases. Water use in other sectors was obtained from the U.S. Geological Survey water use database. Data on produced water quality were obtained from the USGS produced waters database.
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