Davydov Splitting in Squaraine Dimers

Chuwei Zhong, David Bialas, Christopher J. Collison, Frank C. Spano

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The essential states model (ESM) for donor-acceptor-donor (D-A-D) chromophores is used to explore absorption and photoluminescence (PL) in molecular dimers composed of centrosymmetric and non-centrosymmetric squaraine molecules. The spectral line shapes and shifts relative to the monomer spectrum are due to an interesting interplay between three-center charge distributions responsible for ground- and excited-state (permanent) dipole and quadrupole moments and two-center charge distributions responsible for transition dipole moments. The Davydov splitting is sensitive only to the interactions between the (extended) transition dipoles, whereas the permanent dipole-dipole and quadruple-quadrupole interactions impact the midpoint frequency of the two Davydov components, leading to a generally asymmetric splitting relative to the peak monomer transition frequency. The theory accurately reproduces the steady-state absorption and PL line shapes recently obtained for covalently bound squaraine dimers. The ESM also predicts an extreme type of non-Kasha behavior, where both Davydov components are blue-shifted above the monomer transition frequency.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)18734-18745
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry C
Issue number30
StatePublished - Aug 2019

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • General Energy
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films

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