Abstract

Sleep apnea is a serious sleep disorder where patients have multiple extended pauses in breath during sleep. Although some portable or contactless sleep apnea detection systems have been proposed, none of them can achieve fine-grained sleep apnea detection without strict requirements on the device or environmental settings. To address this problem, we present DeepApnea, a deep learning based sleep apnea detection system that leverages patients' wrist movement data collected by smartwatches to identify different types of sleep apnea events (i.e., central apneas, obstructive apneas, and hypopneas). Through a clinical study, we identify some special characteristics associated with different types of sleep apnea captured by smartwatch. However, there are many technical challenges such as how to extract informative apnea features from the noisy data and how to leverage features extracted from the multi-axis sensing data. To address these challenges, we first propose signal pre-processing methods to filter the raw accelerometer (ACC) data, smoothing away noise while preserving the respiratory signal and potential features for identifying sleep apnea. Then, we design a deep learning architecture to extract features from three ACC axes collaboratively, where self attention and cross-axis correlation techniques are leveraged to improve the classification accuracy. We have implemented DeepApnea on smartwatches and performed a clinical study. Evaluation results demonstrate that DeepApnea can significantly outperform existing work on identifying different types of sleep apnea.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication2024 IEEE International Conference on Pervasive Computing and Communications, PerCom 2024
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Pages206-216
Number of pages11
ISBN (Electronic)9798350326031
DOIs
StatePublished - 2024
Event22nd IEEE International Conference on Pervasive Computing and Communications, PerCom 2024 - Biarritz, France
Duration: Mar 11 2024Mar 15 2024

Publication series

Name2024 IEEE International Conference on Pervasive Computing and Communications, PerCom 2024

Conference

Conference22nd IEEE International Conference on Pervasive Computing and Communications, PerCom 2024
Country/TerritoryFrance
CityBiarritz
Period3/11/243/15/24

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Computer Networks and Communications
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition
  • Instrumentation
  • Artificial Intelligence

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