The homogeneous Fe(VI)/Na2SO3 system has been proposed for highly efficient degradation of recalcitrant contaminants, in which sulfite could significantly enhance the transformation of organic substrate by Fe(VI). Also, the Fe(VI)/NaHSO3 system could show high efficiency across a wide range of pH conditions. The degradation rates reached up to 80% within 2 min and 70% within 5 min in strongly acidic and alkaline conditions, respectively. Unexpectedly, a faster removal rate was obtained in Fe(VI)/NaHSO3 system than that in Fe(VI)/Na2SO3 system for the degradation of methylene blue (MB). A reasonable dye degradation mechanism was proposed and verified by a series of experiments. The high oxidation potential of Fe(VI)and other species such as sulfate and hydroxyl radicals were responsible for the outstanding capabilities of Fe(VI)/NaHSO3 system, which could significantly improve the treatment of organics in wastewater under a very wide range of pH conditions.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
- General Chemistry
- Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis
- Environmental Engineering
- Environmental Chemistry