Dependence of e 31,f on polar axis texture for tetragonal Pb(Zrx,Ti1-x)O3 thin films

Charles B. Yeager, Yoshitaka Ehara, Naoya Oshima, Hiroshi Funakubo, Susan Trolier-Mckinstry

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24 Scopus citations


It was shown by Ouyang et al. [Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 152901 (2005)] that the piezoelectric e31,f coefficient is largest parallel to the spontaneous polarization in tetragonal PbZrxTi1-xO3 (PZT) films. However, the expected piezoelectric data are typically calculated from phenomenological constants derived from data on ceramic PZT. In this work, the dependence of e31,f on c-axis texture fraction, f001, for {001}PZT thin films was measured by growing films with systematically changed f001 using CaF2, MgO, SrTiO3, and Si substrates. An approximately linear increase in e31,f with f001 was observed for compositions up to 43 mol. % Zr, and 100% c-domain properties were extrapolated. It was demonstrated that c-axis PZT films can achieve e31,f exceeding -12 C/m2 for many tetragonal compositions. The energy harvesting figure of merit, e31,f2r, for c-axis PZT films surpassed 0.8 C2/m4. This is larger than the figure of merit of gradient-free PZT films grown on Si substrates by a factor of four.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number104907
JournalJournal of Applied Physics
Issue number10
StatePublished - Sep 14 2014

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Physics and Astronomy


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