Depression is Associated With Non-Home Discharge After Coronary Artery Bypass Graft

Ryan M. Holcomb, Ahsan Zil-E-Ali, Robert Gonzalez, Robert D. Dowling, Chan Shen, Faisal Aziz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Introduction: Depression is disproportionately high in patients with coronary artery disease and has been associated with adverse outcomes following coronary artery bypass graft (CABG). One quality metric, non-home discharge (NHD), can have substantial implications for patients and health care resource utilization. Depression increases the risk of NHD after many operations, but it has not been studied after CABG. We hypothesized that a history of depression would be associated with an increased risk of NHD following CABG. Methods: CABG cases were identified from the 2018 National Inpatient Sample using ICD-10 codes. Depression, demographic data, comorbidities, length of stay (LOS), rate of NHD were analyzed using appropriate statistical tests where a P-value < 0.05 was defined as statistically significant. Adjusted multivariable logistic regression models were used to assess independent association between depression and NHD as well as LOS while controlling for confounders. Results: There were 31,309 patients, of which 2743 (8.8%) had depression. Depressed patients were younger, females, in a lower income quartile, and more medically complex. They also demonstrated more frequent NHD and prolonged LOS. After adjusted multivariable analysis, depressed patients had a 70% increased odds of NHD (adjusted odds ratio: 1.70 [1.52-1.89] P < 0.001) and a 24% increased odds of prolonged LOS (AOR: 1.24 [1.12-1.38] P < 0.001). Conclusions: From a national sample, depressed patients were associated with more frequent NHD following CABG. To our knowledge, this is the first study to demonstrate this, and it highlights the need for improved preoperative identification in order to improve risk stratification and timely allocation of discharge services.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)232-240
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Surgical Research
StatePublished - Oct 2023

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Surgery

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