Depressive Symptoms Predict Decline in Perceptual Speed in Older Adulthood

Allison A.M. Bielak, Denis Gerstorf, Kim M. Kiely, Kaarin J. Anstey, Mary Luszcz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

41 Scopus citations


Depressive symptoms and cognitive decline are associated in older age, but research is inconsistent about whether one condition influences the development of the other. We examined the directionality of relations between depressive symptoms and perceptual speed using bivariate dual change score models. Assessments of depressive symptoms and perceptual speed were completed by 1,206 nondemented older adults at baseline, and after 2, 8, 11, and 15 years. After controlling for age, education, baseline general cognitive ability, and self-reported health, allowing depressive symptoms to predict subsequent change in perceptual speed provided the best fit. More depressive symptoms predicted subsequently stronger declines in perceptual speed over time lags of 1 year.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)576-583
Number of pages8
JournalPsychology and aging
Issue number3
StatePublished - Sep 2011

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Social Psychology
  • Aging
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology


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