Design of in-plane functionally graded material plates for optimal vibration performance

Nabeel T. Alshabatat, Kyle Myers, Koorosh Naghshineh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations


A method for improving the vibration characteristics of plate structures is proposed. This method uses functionally graded material (FGM) instead of isotropic material in constructing the plates. The distribution of volume fractions of the FGM constituent is defined in the in-plane directions by a trigonometric law. The finite element method is used for the modal and harmonic analysis of plates, and a genetic algorithm is utilized for optimization of the chosen objective function. The efficacy of the method is demonstrated by two design problems. In the first design problem, FGM is used to maximize the fundamental frequencies of plates with different boundary conditions. In the second design problem, the kinetic energy of a vibrating FGM plate is minimized at a specific excitation frequency. These example design problems show that material tailoring of plate structures using FGM can result in substantial improvements of their vibration characteristics. The results can be used to guide the practical design of FGM plates to enhance their dynamic properties.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)268-278
Number of pages11
JournalNoise Control Engineering Journal
Issue number2
StatePublished - Mar 2016

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Building and Construction
  • Automotive Engineering
  • Aerospace Engineering
  • Acoustics and Ultrasonics
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering


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