Design of X-band bicontrollable metasurface absorber comprising graphene pixels on copper-backed YIG substrate

Govindam Sharma, Akhlesh Lakhtakia, Pradip Kumar Jain

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The plane wave response of a bicontrollable metasurface absorber with graphene-patched pixels was simulated in the X band using commercial software. Each square meta-atom is a 4 × 4 array of 16 pixels, some patched with graphene and the others unpatched. The pixels are arranged on a PVC skin which is placed on a copper-backed YIG substrate. Graphene provides electrostatic controllability and YIG provides magnetostatic controllability. Our design delivers absorptance ≥0.9 over a 100-MHz spectral regime in the X band, with 360 MHz kA−1 m magnetostatic controllability rate and 1 MHz V−1 μm electrostatic controllability rate. Notably, electrostatic control via graphene in the GHz range is novel.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number171000
StatePublished - Sep 2023

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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