Graphene was the first material predicted to be a time-reversal-invariant topological insulator; however, the insulating gap is immeasurably small owing to the weakness of spin-orbit interactions in graphene. A recent experiment demonstrated that designer honeycomb lattices with graphenelike "Dirac" band structures can be engineered by depositing a regular array of carbon monoxide atoms on a metallic substrate. Here, we argue that by growing such designer lattices on metals or semiconductors with strong spin-orbit interactions, one can realize an analog of graphene with strong intrinsic spin-orbit coupling, and hence a highly controllable two-dimensional topological insulator. We estimate the range of substrate parameters for which the topological phase is achievable, and consider the experimental feasibility of some candidate substrates.
|Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics
|Published - Nov 14 2012
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Condensed Matter Physics