Designing tools and agricultural equipment for women

Aaron M. Yoder, Ann M. Adams, Elizabeth A. Brensinger, Jesun Hwang, Andris Freivalds

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

1 Scopus citations


The number of women farmers in the U.S. has been rising over the past several decades, with the rate of growth accelerating between the 2002 and 2007 Agricultural Censuses, to nearly 1 million female farm operators in 2007. Tools and equipment function best and are safest and easiest to operate when they fit the user. Tools designed for males will be less-than-optimal for the vast majority of female users. Additionally, some of women's anatomical and physiological characteristics may place them at specific risk for farm injuries. Nonetheless, virtually all tools and equipment on the U.S. market have been designed either for men or for some "average" user whose size, weight, strength etc. were heavily influenced by the average man. This paper briefly summarizes the literature regarding women farmers and tool and equipment use and describes the engineering design process used to develop a hybrid spade / shovel appropriate for women users. Using a scientifically based design process to develop tools suitable for specific populations is both feasible and important. Gender-based anatomical and physiological differences limit the ability of universal design to adequately serve all populations. The availability and accessibility of anthropometric data; advances in ergonomics; and the utility of lab and field testing are key to the success of such design processes. Consumer input gathered at various stages of the design process - e.g., to establish need and priorities at the outset and to test prototype tools - is also critical. Lastly, a team approach to design has decided advantages.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationAmerican Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers Annual International Meeting 2010, ASABE 2010
PublisherAmerican Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers
Number of pages9
ISBN (Print)9781617388354
StatePublished - Jan 1 2010

Publication series

NameAmerican Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers Annual International Meeting 2010, ASABE 2010

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences (miscellaneous)


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