Detectable Gravitational Wave Signals from Affleck-Dine Baryogenesis

Graham White, Lauren Pearce, Daniel Vagie, Alexander Kusenko

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations

Abstract

In Affleck-Dine baryogenesis, the observed baryon asymmetry of the Universe is generated through the evolution of the vacuum expectation value of a scalar condensate. This scalar condensate generically fragments into nontopological solitons ( balls). If they are sufficiently long-lived, they lead to an early matter domination epoch, which enhances the primordial gravitational wave signal for modes that enter the horizon during this epoch. The sudden decay of the balls results in a rapid transition from matter to radiation domination, producing a sharp peak in the gravitational wave power spectrum. Avoiding the gravitino over-abundance problem favors scenarios where the peak frequency of the resonance is within the range of the Einstein telescope and/or DECIGO. This observable signal provides a mechanism to test Affleck-Dine baryogenesis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number181601
JournalPhysical review letters
Volume127
Issue number18
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 29 2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Physics and Astronomy

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