Detection and classification of lean blow-out and thermoacoustic instability in turbulent combustors

Chandrachur Bhattacharya, Somnath De, Achintya Mukhopadhyay, Swarnendu Sen, Asok Ray

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Scopus citations


Lean blow-out (LBO) and thermoacoustic instability (TAI) are common undesirable occurrences in modern lean-burn turbulent combustion systems, such as fossil-fuel furnaces for gas turbines and in both land-based power generation and marine or aviation propulsion applications. While LBO causes loss of power due to flame extinction, TAI leads to loud noise, vibrations and mechanical fatigue-failure. Timely detection and classification of the operating conditions are important for both open-loop and closed-loop control of combustion systems to ensure their long service life, high efficiency, and reliability & availability. Data-driven techniques already exist for detection of these phenomena; however, most of these techniques require high training and/or processing times. This paper presents a fast Fourier transform (FFT)-based method to generate, in real time, a single scalar-valued measure for detection and classification of operational regimes; this measure can also be used to identify precursors (i.e., for prediction of impending LBO and TAI). This FFT-based method utilizes prior knowledge of the combustion system acoustics; and the measure acts as a classifier to distinguish different operational regimes. The underlying algorithms have been validated on time series data, collected from a (commercially available) microphone sensor that is external to the laboratory-scale experimental apparatus.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number115808
JournalApplied Thermal Engineering
StatePublished - Nov 5 2020

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering


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