The outbreak of the SARS-CoV-2 caused the disease COVID-19 to spread globally. Specific and sensitive detection of SARS-CoV-2 facilitates early intervention and prevents the disease from spreading. Here, we present a solid-state CRISPR-Cas12a-assisted nanopore (SCAN) sensing strategy for the specific detection of SARS-CoV-2. We introduced a nanopore-sized counting method to measure the cleavage ratio of reporters, which is used as a criterion for positive/negative classification. A kinetic cleavage model was developed and validated to predict the reporter size distributions. The model revealed the trade-offs between sensitivity, turnaround time, and false-positive rate of the SARS-CoV-2 SCAN. With preamplification and a 30 min CRISPR Cas12a assay, we achieved excellent specificity against other common human coronaviruses and a limit of detection of 13.5 copies/μL (22.5 aM) of viral RNA at a confidence level of 95%. These results suggested that the SCAN could provide a rapid, sensitive, and specific analysis of SARS-CoV-2.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Materials Science(all)
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Mechanical Engineering