Determinants of Geographic Voter Participation Rate Differentials: the 2014 Mid-Term Election

Richard J. Cebula, James E. Payne, Ira S. Saltz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


Voter participation rates vary widely across the 50 states and the District of Columbia. This empirical study seeks, within the context of a broadened version of the “rational voter model,” to identify determinants of this geographic variation. Using the 2014 mid-term general election, it was found that the voter participation rate across states and the District of Columbia was positively related to whether there is a close governor’s race or a close U.S. Senate race, the female labor force participation rate, the percent of the population aged 65 and over, the number of referenda on the ballot, and the degree of voting-by-mail usage. In addition, it was found that voter turnout was negatively related to the percentages of the population that are either Hispanic or Afro-American.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)35-43
Number of pages9
JournalAtlantic Economic Journal
Issue number1
StatePublished - Mar 1 2017

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Economics, Econometrics and Finance(all)


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