Determinants of physical activity in an inclusive setting

Stephen Kodish, Pamela Hodges Kulinna, Jeffrey Martin, Robert Pangrazi, Paul Darst

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

36 Scopus citations


The purposes of this study included (a) to determine if the Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB) predicted intentions of individuals with and without disabilities to be physically active, (b) to determine if the TPB predicted behaviors of individuals with and without disabilities to be physically active, and (c) to determine if significant differences were present in physical activity opportunities between inclusive and non-inclusive elementary physical education classes taught by the same teacher. Students (N = 114, ages 10-13) completed questionnaires assessing the TPB constructs and had four days of PA evaluated through pedometer measurements. Analyses revealed that subjective norm and perceived behavioral control predicted students' intentions to be active, while behavioral intention was the only significant predictor of activity level by step count accrued in PE classes. Finally, the inclusion of students with autism did not significantly affect overall physical activity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)390-409
Number of pages20
JournalAdapted Physical Activity Quarterly
Issue number4
StatePublished - 2006

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation


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