Low-molecular-mass thiols, such as glutathione (GSH), and their associated disulfides are ubiquitous in nature, and based upon the many known functions of these compounds, their identification and accurate measurement is essential. Our objectives were to develop a simple method for the simultaneous measurement of thiols and disulfides in biological samples using HPLC with dual electrochemical detection (HPLC-DED). Particular emphasis was placed on the applicability to a wide variety of important GSH-related thiols and disulfides, including γ-Glu-Cys, Cys-Gly, their disulfides, and the mixed disulfide of glutathione and cysteine (CSSG), validation on different types of biological samples, maintenance of chromatographic resolution and reproducibility with routine and extended use, and enhancement of assay sensitivity. To this end, optimal HPLC conditions including mobile phase, column, and electrode polishing procedures were established and the method was applied to, and validated on a variety of biological samples. This improved methodology should prove to be a useful tool in studies on the metabolism of GSH and other thiols and disulfides and their role in cellular homeostasis and disease processes.
|Number of pages
|Journal of Chromatography B: Biomedical Sciences and Applications
|Published - Oct 6 1995
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- General Chemistry