We describe a method for measuring the forward-scattering amplitude for electron collisions with atoms or molecules. Our scheme uses a gas cell in one arm of an electron interferometer and measures the resulting attenuation and phase shift of the electron matter wave. The complex index of refraction of the gas is determined along with the forward-scattering amplitude. Calculations of the scattering of electrons by atoms are performed using a self-energy potential obtained by treating the atom as an inhomogeneous electron gas. The results indicate that the proposed experiments are feasible.
|Physical Review A - Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics
|Published - 1999
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics