Determining the liquidus viscosity of glass-forming liquids through differential scanning calorimetry

Qiuju Zheng, Jinfeng Zheng, Mette Solvang, Yuanzheng Yue, John C. Mauro

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11 Scopus citations


Viscosity at the liquidus temperature (TL), ηL, is a critical parameter for the design of new glasses, particularly for industrial glass production where crystallization must be suppressed. However, a direct viscometric determination of ηL for a glass-forming system is difficult due to crystallization. Here we propose an alternative approach for determining ηL through differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). Specifically, DSC is used to measure both the viscosity curve and liquidus temperature of a glass-forming system and then derive its ηL value. The ηL values determined using DSC are found to be in excellent agreement with those measured through viscometry. The DSC approach is applicable to various glass-forming systems covering a wide range of fragilities and ηL values spanning over five orders of magnitude. Other advantages of this approach are its accuracy and small sample requirements.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)6070-6074
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of the American Ceramic Society
Issue number11
StatePublished - Nov 1 2020

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Materials Chemistry


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