A micro stagnation-point flow burner was fabricated using low-temperature co-fired ceramic (LTCC) tapes. Methane/oxygen counterflow micro diffusion flames with luminous zones of less than 1 mm in length and 250 νm in width were stabilized in the reaction channel of the burner and analyzed using microscopic imaging spectroscopy. The burner was built with 25 layers of LTCC tapes which were pre-laminated into seven blocks. Integrated sapphire windows and sub-millimeter sized internal channels provide optical accessibility and reactant feeds, respectively. Spatial distributions of CH* and C*2 species were measured and compared with those obtained from multi-dimensional reacting flow calculations. Results show that the location and size of the diffusion flame may be controlled by flow velocity, or strain rate, just as in larger centimeter scale flames, and that the chemical structure of the micro flames was in agreement with those predicted by the numerical simulations. In this paper, we show that LTCC tape technology may be used to fabricate microburners for continuous flow steady-state homogeneous gaseous combustion and that integrated optical windows may be incorporated into the fabrication process for in situ optical diagnostics. The understanding and analysis of the present reacting flowfield, because of its simplicity, is important to the development of more complicated microreactors and microburners, in which mixing and variable strain rates exist.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Mechanics of Materials
- Mechanical Engineering
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering