Development and validation of the pediatric resuscitation and escalation of care self-efficacy scale

Adrian D. Zurca, Nils Olsen, Raymond Lucas

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


OBJECTIVES: To validate a scale to assess pediatric providers’ resuscitation and escalation of care self-efficacy and assess which provider characteristics and experiences may contribute to self-efficacy. METHODS: Cross-sectional cohort study performed at an academic children’s hospital. Pediatric nurses, respiratory therapists, and residents completed the Generalized Self-Efficacy Scale (GSES) and Pediatric Resuscitation Self-Efficacy Scale (PRSES) as well as a survey assessing their experiences with pediatric escalation of care. RESULTS: Four hundred participants completed the GSES and PRSES. A total of 338 completed the survey, including 262 nurses, 51 respiratory therapists, and 25 residents. Cronbach a for the PRSES was 0.905. A factor analysis revealed 2 factors within the scale, with items grouped on the basis of expertise required. Multiple logistic regression analyses controlling for GSES score, number of code blue events participated, number of code blue events activated, number of rapid response team events participated, number of rapid response team response events called, performance on a knowledge assessment of appropriate escalation of care, and years of experience demonstrated that PRSES performance was significantly associated with GSES scores and number of escalation of care events (code blue and rapid response) previously participated in (R2 5 0.29, P, .001). CONCLUSIONS: The PRSES can be used to assess pediatric providers’ pediatric resuscitation self-efficacy and could be used to evaluate pediatric escalation of care interventions. Pediatric resuscitation self-efficacy is significantly associated with number of previous escalation of care experiences. In future studies, researchers should focus on assessing the impact of increased exposures to escalation of care, potentially via mock codes, to accelerate the acquisition of resuscitation self-efficacy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)801-807
Number of pages7
JournalHospital Pediatrics
Issue number10
StatePublished - 2019

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Pediatrics


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