Development and validation of the Reasons Individuals Stop Eating Questionnaire (RISE-Q): A novel tool to characterize satiation

Paige M. Cunningham, Liane S. Roe, John E. Hayes, Marion M. Hetherington, Kathleen L. Keller, Barbara J. Rolls

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Scopus citations


A variety of factors can influence satiation, and individual differences in reasons for meal termination may help to explain variability in food intake and susceptibility to overconsumption. We developed and validated a questionnaire to characterize the Reasons Individuals Stop Eating (RISE-Q). The initial RISE-Q was created by reviewing the published literature and identifying 47 reasons why individuals might stop eating. The RISE-Q asks respondents to rate how often each reason influences why they stop eating at a typical dinner meal by using a seven-point scale. Adults (N = 477, 77% women) from a participant database completed a survey online that included the initial RISE-Q and the satiation-related Satiety Responsiveness and Food Responsiveness scales of the Adult Eating Behavior Questionnaire (AEBQ). Self-reported height and weight were collected to calculate body mass index (BMI). The survey also assessed self-reported typical meal size. After factor analysis, the RISE-Q retained 31 items and identified five distinct scales of reasons for stopping eating: Decreased Food Appeal (mean ± SD: 2.6 ± 0.05, Cronbach's α = 0.89), Physical Satisfaction (5.0 ± 0.04, α = 0.85), Planned Amount (4.4 ± 0.05, α = 0.82), Self-Consciousness (2.4 ± 0.05, α = 0.88), and Decreased Priority of Eating (2.3 ± 0.04, α = 0.69). Thus, the most frequently reported reasons for meal termination were related to Physical Satisfaction and Planned Amount. Each RISE-Q scale was significantly correlated with at least one of the satiation-related AEBQ scales, suggesting that the RISE-Q has construct validity. RISE-Q scales were also correlated with BMI and measures of typical meal size. The RISE-Q provides a novel tool to assess differences across individuals in reported reasons for eating cessation. The RISE-Q can aid in further understanding risk factors for overconsumption and has potential clinical utility in the design of targeted weight-management interventions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number105127
StatePublished - Jun 1 2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Psychology
  • Nutrition and Dietetics


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