Development of L2 Spanish VOT before and after a brief pronunciation training session

Katharina S. Schuhmann, Marie K. Huffman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


We present a study of the development of L2 stop VOT (voice onset time) in lower-level English-speaking learners of Spanish over the course of a college semester. Participants were recorded six times in two-week intervals. Halfway through the semester, students received a brief pronunciation training session with practice and feedback. Overall, the learners did not lower their L2 VOTs in the first half of the study, before pronunciation training. Following training, however, they lowered their mean VOTs for Spanish voiceless stops significantly. A similar effect was not found for their mean VOTs of Spanish voiced stops, in line with prior work suggesting that prevoicing may be harder to acquire. Yet careful examination suggests that learners are increasing the frequency with which they use prevoicing in Spanish, suggesting this metric might inform future work on L2 Spanish pronunciation development. This work has implications for teaching and research in second language pronunciation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)402-434
Number of pages33
JournalJournal of Second Language Pronunciation
Issue number3
StatePublished - Dec 31 2019

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Language and Linguistics
  • Education
  • Linguistics and Language


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