Development of tasks and evaluation of a prototype forceps for NOTES

Matthew Addis, Milton Aguirre, Mary Frecker, Randy Haluck, Abraham Matthew, Eric Pauli, Jegan Gopal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


Background and Objectives: Few standardized testing procedures exist for instruments intended for Natural Orifice Translumenal Endoscopic Surgery. These testing procedures are critical for evaluating surgical skills and surgical instruments to ensure sufficient quality. This need is widely recognized by endoscopic surgeons as a major hurdle for the advancement of Natural Orifice Translumenal Endoscopic Surgery. Methods: Beginning with tasks currently used to evaluate laparoscopic surgeons and instruments, new tasks were designed to evaluate endoscopic surgical forceps instruments. Results: Six tasks have been developed from existing tasks, adapted and modified for use with endoscopic instruments, or newly designed to test additional features of endoscopic forceps. The new tasks include the Fuzzy Ball Task, Cup Drop Task, Ring Around Task, Material Pull Task, Simulated Biopsy Task, and the Force Gauge Task. These tasks were then used to evaluate the performance of a new forceps instrument designed at Pennsylvania State University. Conclusions: The need for testing procedures for the advancement of Natural Orifice Translumenal Endoscopic Surgery has been addressed in this work. The developed tasks form a basis for not only testing new forceps instruments, but also for evaluating individual performance of surgical candidates with endoscopic forceps instruments.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)95-104
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of the Society of Laparoendoscopic Surgeons
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2012

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Surgery


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