Developmental gender differentiation:pathways in conforming and nonconforming outcomes

Lynn S. Liben, Rebecca S. Bigler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations


The authors review their Developmental Pathway Models that characterize normative gender differentiation during childhood. Particular attention is paid to the attitudinal pathway model that describes the routes by which children’s gender attitudes guide the selection and impact of gender-related experiences for the self. The personal pathway model describes the ways in which children’s own interests and skills may affect their gender-related attitudes about others. The authors identify opportunities for the emergence of various kinds of gender nonconformity in relation to the constructs and mechanisms in these models.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)95-119
Number of pages25
JournalJournal of Gay and Lesbian Mental Health
Issue number1-2
StatePublished - Jul 29 2008

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Health(social science)
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health


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