Dialysis patients' preferences for family-based advance care planning

Stephen C. Hines, Jacqueline J. Glover, Jean L. Holley, Austin S. Babrow, Laurie A. Badzek, Alvin H. Moss

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

86 Scopus citations


Background: Most patients do not participate in advance care planning with physicians. Objective: To examine patients' preferences for involving their physicians and families in advance care planning. Design: Face-to-face interviews with randomly selected patients. Setting: Community-based dialysis units in one rural and one urban region. Participants: 400 hemodialysis patients. Measurements: Questions about whom patients involve in advance: care planning, whom patients would like to include in this planning, and patients' reactions to state legislation on surrogate decision makers in end- of-life care. Results: Patients more frequently discussed preferences for end-of-life care with family members than with physicians (50% compared with 6%; P < 0.001). More patients wanted to include family members in future discussions of advance care planning than wanted to include physicians (91% compared with 36%; P < 0.001). Patients were most comfortable with legislation that granted their family end-of-life decision-making authority in the event of their own incapacity (P < 0.001). Conclusion: Most patients want to include their families more than their physicians in advance care planning.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)825-828
Number of pages4
JournalAnnals of internal medicine
Issue number10
StatePublished - May 18 1999

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Internal Medicine


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