Differences in staff-resident interactions between male and female residents in nursing homes

Rachel McPherson, Barbara Resnick, Elizabeth Galik, Ann Kolanowski, Marie Boltz, Kimberly van Haitsma

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


The purpose of the current study was to describe gender differences in the quality of interactions between nursing home residents with behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia and staff. Data from the Evidence Integration Triangle for Behavioral and Psychological Symptoms of Dementia (EIT-4-BPSD) implementation study were used for the current study. A total of 535 residents (72% female and 28% male) from 55 settings were included in the analyses. The highest percentage of interactions occurred in dining rooms (38.4%) and with nursing staff (68%). There were no significant differences in the quality of staff interactions with male or female residents. Most interactions were positive social (n = 360, 71% males, 66% females), positive care (n = 312, 60% males, 58% females), or neutral (n = 123, 25% males, 22% females). There were 31 (7% males, 6% females) negative protective and 23 (3% male, 5% female) negative restrictive interactions. Future work should focus on eliminating neutral and negative interactions across both genders and address whether the gender of staff is related to the quality of staff-resident interaction.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)19-25
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of gerontological nursing
Issue number5
StatePublished - May 2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Nursing
  • Gerontology


Dive into the research topics of 'Differences in staff-resident interactions between male and female residents in nursing homes'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this