Acute alcohol intoxication leads to an inhibition of protein synthesis in heart that results in part through altered phosphorylation of protein factors controlling mRNA translation initiation. The purpose of the present set of experiments was designed to examine the effects of inhibitors of ethanol metabolism on the phosphorylation of 4E-binding protein (4EBP1) and S6k1(Thr389), two factors regulating mRNA translation initiation. Phosphorylation of 4E-BP1, S6k1(Thr389), and Erk 1/2 was reduced 2 h following IP injection of alcohol. Pretreatment with 4-methylpyrazole (4-MP), an inhibitor of alcohol dehydrogenase (ADH), did not attenuate the ethanol-induced decrease in phosphorylation of 4EBP1 and S6k1(Thr389). In contrast, 4-MP prevented the decrease in Erk 1/2 phosphorylation observed with acute ethanol intoxication. Pretreatment with cyanamide, an inhibitor of aldehyde dehydrogenase, did not attenuate the ethanol-induced decrease in phosphorylation S6k1(Thr389), but partially prevented the ethanol-induced lowering of 4EBP1 phosphorylation. The studies indicate that modulation of ethanol metabolism through inhibition of ADH or aldehyde dehydrogenase leads to preferential modulation of the phosphorylation of distinct myocardial signaling systems involved in regulating protein synthesis.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine