Digital Keying Enabled by Reconfigurable 2D Modulators

Sarbashis Das, Saptarshi Das

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


Energy, area, and bandwidth efficient communication primitives are essential to sustain the rapid increase in connectivity among internet-of-things (IoT) edge devices. While IoT edge-sensing, edge-computing, and edge-storage have witnessed innovation in materials and devices, IoT edge communication is yet to experience such transformation. The aging silicon (Si)-based complementary metal–oxide–semiconductor (CMOS) technology continues to remain the mainstay of communication devices where they are used to implement amplitude, frequency, and phase shift keying (amplitude-shift keying [ASK]/frequency-shift keying [FSK]/phase-shift keying [PSK]). Keying allows digital information to be communicated over a radio channel. While CMOS-based keying devices have evolved over the years, their hardware footprint and energy consumption are major concerns for resource constrained IoT communication. Furthermore, separate circuit designs and hardware elements are needed for each keying scheme and achieving multibit modulation to improve bandwidth efficiency remains a challenge. Here, a reconfigurable modulator is introduced that exploits unique ambipolar transport and programmable Dirac voltage in ultrathin MoTe2 field-effect transistors to achieve ASK, FSK, and PSK modulation. Furthermore, by integrating two programmed MoTe2 field-effect transistors, multibit data modulation is demonstrated, which improves the bandwidth efficiency by 200%. Finally, a frequency quadrupler is also realized exploiting the unique “double-well” transfer characteristic.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number2203753
JournalAdvanced Materials
Issue number43
StatePublished - Oct 26 2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Materials Science
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


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