We have recently reported that plasma membrane Ca2+-ATPase ( PMCA) pumping activity in rat brain synaptic plasma membranes (SPM) was reduced by in vitro or prior in vivo exposure to inhalation anesthetics (IA). In addition, rats with streptozocin-induced diabetes were found to have diminished brain synaptic PMCA pumping and a decrease in the partial pressures of several IA required to prevent movement in response to stimulation, defined as the minimum effective dose or MED. Diminished PMCA activity in erythrocytes of spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) has been noted. Because PMCA is ubiquitous, it seemed possible that PMCA pumping might be decreased in the brain of SHR and perhaps associated with decreased IA requirement. Eighteen SHR and 18 control, normotensive Wistar-Kyoto rats (WKY) were studied. PMCA activity was assessed by measurement of Ca2+ uptake into synaptic plasma membrane vesicles prepared from cerebrum and diencephalon-mesencephalon (D-M) in WKY and SHR. Ca2+ pumping was significantly less in SHR than in WKY, 85% of control in the cerebrum and 90% in the D-M (p < 0.01). The MEDs for halothane, isoflurane and desflurane were also lower in SHR than in WKY, 91%, 90% and 89%, respectively, of control (p < 0.05). Thus, an animal model of primary hypertension (SHR) manifested diminished brain synaptic PMCA activity and reduced MED for several volatile anesthetics. These findings provide further evidence for a role for PMCA in anesthetic action.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
- Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics(all)